Waste Management Essential in Modern Tourism
Tanjung Aan Beach, Mandalika, attracts significant numbers of domestic and international visitors to its natural beauty, although this destination-in-development requires strict guidelines for waste management in order to succeed.
Waste separation training is a cornerstone to the way forward in tourism development. Some eight million tons of plastics are dumped in the ocean each year, according to the World Bank. That’s about one truckload of garbage per minute.
At Mandalika waste management starts with separating organic and non-organic wastes, composting, recycling, and establishing a waste bank, managed by locals and presided over by an ITDC team.
So what happens to the collected plastic? Miranti Nasti Rendranti, ITDC Corporate Secretary & CSR says: “It goes back to the community. After the training is conducted, locals from Gerupuk sub-village sell their products - in the form of wallets - to tourists.” Organic waste she says is used as a fertiliser in vegetable gardens.
Indonesian island destinations are beginning to understand the goose that laid the golden egg is their natural land and sea environment and what they throw in the sea will come back to haunt them without waste management.
Lombok has much to learn from its immediate neighbour. In 2019 the Bali government banned plastic shopping bags, one of a number of green initiatives aimed at “creating a cleaner and healthier environment for visitors and residents alike”. From the www.indonesia.travel website, Indonesia is committed to sustainable waste disposal with a target of reducing wastes up to 70% by 2025.
The United Nations’ sustainable development goals (SDGs) call for governments, civil society and business interests to work together to create a more sustainable world using a multi-faceted approach, considering social, economic and environmental aspects of sustainability.
One example is Indonesia’s Ministry of Environment and Forestry, which is currently working with Aqua Danone and Tetra Pak in Bali to provide drop-boxes for recycling plastic bottles and cardboard. Coca Cola also donated several waste bins and garbage trucks.
Ricky Baheramsjah, ITDC Head of Investment and Marketing says: “Most people worldwide do not wish to see tourism end, however they expect the industry to be sustainable. So we pretty much follow the United Nations’ 17 SDGs, ratified in 2015 by 193 countries and set to guide global development through to 2030.”
17 UN Sustainable Development Goals
- End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
- End poverty in all its forms everywhere
- Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
- Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
- Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
- Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
- Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
- Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
- Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
- Reduce inequality within and among countries
- Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
- Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
- Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts*
- Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
- Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
- Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
- Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development